The neck should be firmly muscled
without being thick and cloddy. It is moderate in length with a slight
arch at the crest. The skin is firm and tight, without evidence of
loose folds or dewlap hanging from the throat. The arch may be
more evident on males and on dogs with more neck coat.
The head and neck are carried
slightly forward of the shoulders while standing and are carried
slightly above horizontal when in motion.
The correct neck length and set are
the proper shoulder
placement and angulation. Straight shoulders will result in a short,
thick neck lacking the proper flexibility. An excessively long neck
will be weak.
neck and withers should merge smoothly into the topline. The back is
level and strong, without evidence of a sag or roach (convex arch) The
topline should be evaluated while the dog is standing in a natural four
square stance and should be slightly shorter than the length of the
chest should offer enough depth and width to comfortably hold the body
organs and allow for proper lung expansion during exertion. The
deepest part of the chest
should be just behind the front legs and level with the elbows. From
the lowest point, the bottomline should gradually rise into
a moderate tuck-up at the flank.
ribcage should be oval shaped with
appropriate spring of rib to provide the most room while still allowing
freedom of movement along the side of the rib cage.
shallow chest allows the elbows to slide inward towards the body
causing the entire front leg assembly to move too closely and resulting
in the interference of correct forward motion.
A barrel or rounded chest interferes with the range of motion, forcing
the elbows to swing out and around the body.
Flattened or slab sided ribs (lacking spring) do not offer enough
breadth of chest to accomodate good lung capacity.
loin (coupling) should be well-muscled and strong. The loin is the
pivot point of a dog's back and requires both flexibility and strength.
croup should should slope moderately from the point of the hip bone to
point of the buttock.
tail should be naturally bobbed or docked and must not exceed four
Absolutely no preference should be given between different tail lengths
under four inches.